Prevalence, Prevention and Control of Selected Non-Communicable Diseases Among Employees of Kenyatta University
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Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) represent a new frontier in the fight to improve global health since they are now becoming responsible for more death than all other causes combined. As such, NCDs, have been a major contributor to high medical expenses incurred by various individuals and institutions in specific and the government in general. This study aims at establishing the i) Prevalence of NCDs among employees of Kenyatta University ii) identifying the risk factors of these health conditions among the employees of Kenyatta University and iii) Evaluating the efficacy of the exercise and nutrition programmes in preventing and controlling the occurrence of NCDs among the employees of Kenyatta University. The study will be carried out in two phases. The first phase will utilize a cross-sectional survey research design, targeting to determine the prevalence of NCDs among employees of Kenyatta University as well as identifying the risk factors associated with these conditions. The second phase will utilize an experimental research design where individuals identified to have one or more of the health conditions as well as those identified to be at high risk of suffering from the NCDs will be put on exercise programmes, diet programmes or a combination of the two depending on the severity of the condition. Research instruments for this phase will include glucometers, strips, lipid profile analyzers, sphygmomanometers, stethoscopes, ECG machines, spirometers and anthropometric sets. Information gathered from this study will be helpful to the Kenyatta University community as it will act as the basis for creating awareness on NCDS among employees of Kenyatta University. The information will help spearhead design of health programmes that are custom made to respond to the different NCDs that the employees of Kenyatta University may be suffering from. If successful these programmes would help Kenyatta University cut on the medical cost of its employees. Thus taking part in helping the country achieve millennium development goal number one and six as well as Kenya's Vision 2030 since, once the non-communicable health conditions are combated, the money used in purchase of medicine for these conditions could be used for other development projects at Kenyatta University and in the country at large.