Now showing items 1-10 of 18
Clinical stroke scores for distinguishing stroke subtypes: a systematic review of diagnostic test accuracy
Background Stroke is a major cause of morbidity and mortality especially in low and middle income countries. Computerized tomography is used to distinguish between ischemic and hemorrhagic subtypes, but it is expensive ...
Value of Plasmodium falciparum Histidine-Rich Protein 2 Level and Malaria Retinopathy in Distinguishing Cerebral Malaria From Other Acute Encephalopathies in Kenyan Children.
(Journal of Infectious Diseases Advance Access published, 2013-10-09)
The diagnosis of cerebral malaria is problematic in malaria-endemic areas because encephalopathy in patients with parasitemia may have another cause. Abnormal retinal findings are thought to increase the specificity of the ...
Changing trends in incidence and aetiology of childhood acute non-traumatic coma over a period of changing malaria transmission in rural coastal Kenya: a retrospective analysis.
(BMJ Open accessible medical research, 2012-04)
OBJECTIVES: Recent changes in malaria transmission have likely altered the aetiology and outcome of childhood coma in sub-Saharan Africa. The authors conducted this study to examine change in incidence, aetiology, clinical ...
Continuous EEG monitoring in Kenyan children with non-traumatic coma.
(Archives of Disease in Childhood, 2012-04)
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to describe the EEG and clinical profile of seizures in children with non-traumatic coma, compare seizure detection by clinical observations with that by continuous EEG, and relate ...
Childhood acute non-traumatic coma: aetiology and challenges in management in resource-poor countries of Africa and Asia.
(Maney Publishing, 2013-08)
OBJECTIVE: This review examines the best available evidence on the aetiology of childhood acute non-traumatic coma in resource-poor countries (RPCs), discusses the challenges associated with management, and explores ...
Unexpected relationship between tympanometry and mortality in children with nontraumatic coma.
(American Academy of Pediatrics ., 2013-09)
OBJECTIVE: We sought to further examine the relationship between tympanometry and mortality after noting an unexpected association on assessment of baseline data of a study whose primary aim was to investigate the utility ...
The tympanic membrane displacement analyser for monitoring intracranial pressure in children
(Child's Nervous System, 2013-06)
Purpose: Raised intracranial pressure (ICP) is a potentially treatable cause of morbidity and mortality but tools for monitoring are invasive. We sought to investigate the utility of the tympanic membrane displacement (TMD) ...
Iron deficiency and acute seizures: results from children living in rural Kenya and a meta-analysis.
(Public Library of Science, 2010-11)
Background: There are conflicting reports on whether iron deficiency changes susceptibility to seizures. We examined the hypothesis that iron deficiency is associated with an increased risk of acute seizures in children ...
Neonatal seizures in a rural Kenyan District Hospital: aetiology, incidence and outcome of hospitalization
(BioMed Central, 2010-03)
Background: Acute seizures are common among children admitted to hospitals in resource poor countries. However, there is little data on the burden, causes and outcome of neonatal seizures in sub-Saharan Africa. We ...
Acne vulgaris in general population of rural western Kenya: cross-sectional community survey
(International Society of Dermatology, 2015)