Factors affecting girls participation in mobile school programme in Wajir District of North Eastern province, Kenya
Musdaf, Ahmed Abdullahi
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Education is the major source of upward mobility especially in developing countries and a principal instrument in fostering democracy, equality and justice. Therefore equal and equitable educational opportunities are essential as an answer to socio-economic and political marginalization of different social groups in developing economies. In Kenya the government has particulated its commitment to offer free primary education to all its school going aged children. as evidenced by the introduction of Free Primary Education (F.P.E.) the government is also addressing the issue of the pastoralist communities by introducing mobile schools, these are schools designed to cater for the nomadic communities where the teachers shifts with the families as they search for pasture and water, though this is still in its initial stages and only in few districts, Wajir being one of them. Despite all this efforts the participation of girls from the nomadic communities is still very low. The purpose of this study is to find out the effect of socio-cultural, sock, economic and school environment on the participation of' girls in the nomadic mobile school programme in Wajir district. The study will sample mobile schools using purposive sampling techniques. The criterion used will be to sample the division with the most number of mobile schools and schools that are well established. The study used the descriptive survey design utilizing 11001 the qualitative and quantitative approaches. Data will he collected using questionnaires for the head teachers, interview schedules for the teachers, parents, and D.EO, while the chiefs and village elders will participate in the study through focus group discussions. Data collected will be analyzed using frequencies and percentages because they easily communicate the research findings to the majority of the respondents. Frequencies easily show the number of' times a response occurs or the number of subjects in a given category. Percentages will be used to compare the sub-groups that differ in proportion and size. The data from the interview and focus group discussions will be carefully read and coded after editing the field notes. The coded responses will he analyzed deductively through SPSS computer program The major findings of the study were that the type of and distance to school were a major contributing factor to girls low enrolment in mobile school Girls are doing more domestic work also was a contributing factor. Religious orientation greatly affected girls’ participation in the program. Based on these findings recommended that mobile schools in be single sex they should integrate secular and religious learning and lastly sensitize the community on the importance of the Child education.
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