To Investigate Challenges Affecting Strategy Implementation in Government Corporations: (A Case Study of Kenya Bureau of Standards)
Namaru, Wilson Simiyu
MetadataShow full item record
Strategy formulation and implementation is a continuous and systematic process for making decision about the organization future developing the necessary procedures and operations to achieve that future and determine how success is to be measured. Concerning the competitive environment dominating on various government sectors, requirement of strategy formulation has been increasingly apparent. Yet the main problem of managers in these corporations is implementation of strategies. Previous studies and researches show that most government corporations have had problems in implementing their strategies and in some occasions were failed in that. Regarding this situation, the importance and necessity of this research is identified. This study investigated on how leadership, organization structure, staff commitment and communication affect strategy implementation. The study research design was a descriptive one since it provided data from the population on the universe being studied; the researcher had no control over the research variables. Descriptive research design describes data and characteristics about the population or phenomenon being studied. Sampling was based on stratified random sampling. The questionnaire was used as the information gathering device with a target population of one thousand people and a sample population of one hundred people. Data was analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The study found that leadership commitment affected strategy implementation. Organizations are structured in a variety of ways, dependent on their objectives and culture. The shared understanding of middle management and those at the operational level to the top management team's strategic goals is of critical importance to effective implementation. There was relationship between communication and organization structure during strategy implementation. The study concludes that there was effect of top management on strategy implementation. Adjusting organizational structure according to perfect strategy can ensure successful strategy implementation. Th,e study concludes that line-level employees may use delay or prevent attempts toward change that they find particularly threatening or disagreeable. Effective communication is a key requirement for effective strategy implementation. The study recommends top managers to demonstrate their willingness to give energy and loyalty to the implementation process. Managers of the organization should consider the strength and weakness of the organization before formulating and implementing strategies. The study recommends organization to have vision, mission, and values statements that provide a broad sense of purpose for all employees. Middle and lower level managers and key subordinates should be permitted to be involved with the detailed implementation planning. Strategies should be clearly communicated to all employees.