Challenges facing implementation of inclusive education in primary schools in Yatta division-Yatta District Machakos county- Kenya
Mutuku, Faith Makaa
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Despite the fact that the Kenya Goverrunent has recently introduced inclusive education in primary schools, there is no clear practical policy on its implementation. As a result the implementation process has been slow. This study investigated the challenges facing effective implementation process of inclusive education. The study addressed the challenges facing learners with disabilities in Inclusive schools. The reason for studying the challenges facing implementation of inclusive education is because most of the other studies undertaken have dealt with special schools which accommodate particular challenges like visual impairment. The concern of the 'study is to identify psychological challenges, reasons for teachers' negative attitude towards inclusive education, curriculum challenges, Economic challenges in inclusive schools, the support given by MoE for implementation of inclusive education, Teacher training in special education and social challenges. Examination of these challenges to inclusive education will act as guiding principles in the attempt to speed up the implementation process. The reviewed research and reports have highlighted the challenges facing inclusive education worldwide: Investigation of challenges facing inclusive education in other countries has helped the researcher to compare challenges of inclusive education in Kenya and other countries. The study through literature re iew identified several gaps for instance focusing on a single challenge like hearing impairment. The study was carried out in 6 public primary schools in Yatta division. The sample of study was taken from 34 public primary schools in the division The study targeted pupils in class five, six and seven who could easily provide reliable information for the study .Purposive sampling Y,lasused .. The study used a descriptive Survey design to collect data. The research· instruments included pupils' questionnaire, Class teacher's questionnaire and interview guide for head teachers. Those who pre nt d the raw data for researchers' analysis comprised of 6 Head teachers, 210 pupils and 64 teachers and the total sample size was 280 subjects. The data collected was coded and analyzed using frequencies and percentages and it was presented using tables and descriptions. From the findings it was established that implementation of inclusive education faced a couple of challenges ranging from Psychological challenges, reasons for teachers attitude, curriculum barrier, economic hardships, ministry of education support, teachers training and social factors. The researcher gave the following recommendations i.e. Learners should go through guidance and counseling in order to accept their condition, the government should try to change the negative attitude of teachers through motivation, the ministry of education should formulate a curriculum that is learner friendly, all the education stakeholders should cooperate to provide resources for inclusive education and the society should be sensitized on inclusive education, the goverrunent should try as much as possible to restore the security of the challenged in the division. The researcher recommended areas of further study such as; similar study should be conducted in other areas of Kenya; study can also be carried on factors promoting implementation of inclusive education.