Challenges affecting successful implementation of water and sanitation projects in urban slum areas in Kenya (A Case Study of Mukuru Slum)
Korir, Caroline Cherop
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Perceived success in project implementation is more adequately defined as meeting the project's technical specification or mission while at the same time attaining a high level of satisfaction on the part of the, community, clients, users and the project team (Baker, 2002). The end product must perform satisfactorily in service. This means that parties associated with and affected by a project should be satisfied at the same time that the good cost and schedule performances are realized. This project analyzed the challenges affecting the successful implementation of water and sanitation projects in Mukuru slum in Kenya. The target population consisted of 220 members of the community made up of project managers, community leaders and recipients of the service. A sample size of 40% of the target population was drawn. Clustered random sampling design was adopted to select the respondents. Data was collected using questionnaires and analyzed using descriptive statistics. Data was presented by use of pie charts and graphs. This research project concludes that although there are many slum specific problems to progress in water and sanitation project implementations, there are four common challenges: Inadequate investment in water and sanitation infrastructures by the government, lack of political will to tackle the tough problems in this area, the tendency to avoid new technological or implementation approaches such as community participation and apply conventional water and sanitation interventions, without community involvement, over and over again even when they are inappropriate for the specific environment and community needs, and finally the delays and its cost as well as failure to conduct evaluations of water and sanitation interventions to determine whether they are successful and sustainable.