Factors influencing choice of teaching as a career among secondary school teachers in Kahuro District, Murang'a County, Kenya
Kiragu, Kamau David
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This study focused on investigating factors that inas a career among secondary school teachers. Thfollowing objectives; to find out school and personal factors that influence choice of teaching as a career among secondary school teachers; to determine the influence of family background on choice of teaching as a career among secondary school teachers; to identify the influence of labor market on choice of teaching as a career among secondary school teachers and to seek suggestions on measures that should be put in place to improve the potential of persons aspiring to be teachers in making knowledgeable career choices. Literature was reviewed on; the influence of school and personal factors, the influence of family background factors, and the influence of labor market factors on choice of careers and on job satisfaction. The research adopted a descriptive survey design. The target population comprised secondary school principals, deputy principals and teachers. From a population of 33 public secondary schools, 6 schools were selected using both stratified sampling and simple random sampling to participate in this study. The school administrators were selected using purposive sampling. Teachers were selected using both stratified sampling and simple random sampling. A total of 110 respondents constituted the sample. Data were collected by use of questionnaire (for teachers) and interview schedule (for school administrators). Both thematic analysis and descriptive statistics in terms of percentages and frequency tables were used to analyze the data. It was found out that the respondents had low aspirations to the teaching career and mainly joined teaching because of guaranteed employment and low qualifications attracted by the profession. Majority of the respondents were not aware of what teaching career entails but had attempted to explore the available careers before settling on teaching career. The respondents revealed that siblings, peers, prestige and mentorship played a moderate role in influencing choice of teaching as a career. It was established that career guidance teachers, career guidance sessions, frequency of career guidance sessions and career guidance books were inadequate in many secondary schools. The respondents affirmed that they were more influenced by the fathers to choose teaching career than the mothers. Most of the respondents confirmed that they had not been discussing careers with their family members but they had relatives in the teaching job at the time they chose teaching career. Majority of the respondents were overwhelmingly influenced by guaranteed employment, availability of free time and chose teaching as a stepping stone to other careers. Moreover, the respondents showed that they were ready to leave teaching if given another job of equal or more pay. On facilitating individuals aspiring to join teaching career to make informed career decisions; the respondents advocated for provision of career reference materials to the students, upgrading of career guidance skills of the teachers and increasing the frequency of career guidance sessions. It was recommended that the MOE should make teaching profession competitive so as to attract interested and qualified clients. The MOE should also strengthen career guidance in secondary schools by providing in-service training courses for career guidance teachers.