A study of the factors contributing to job satisfaction/dissatisfaction among home science primary school teachers in Starehe division, Nairobi
Ingolo, Gladys Gwahalla
MetadataShow full item record
It is generally believed that workers join and stay in an organization only if they are satisfied with their jobs. For the teacher to play his role effectively, he needs to get maximum satisfaction from his/her job. Job satisfaction amongst Home Science teachers is likely to make them ore committed to their work. This is very important since the quality of education largely depends on the teachers. If the teachers are dissatisfied, the standards of education in our primary schools will be affected. The purpose of this study was to find out the factors the contribute to job satisfaction/Dissatisfaction among Home science primary school teachers in Starehe Division of Nairobi, Kenya. The design of the research study was a simple survey. The sample of the study was drawn from ten (10) primary schools that were randomly selected from a population of twenty three (23) primary schools. The subjects of the study were Home Science teachers from the ten primary schools. The teachers were randomly selected from the total population of Home Science teachers who teach classes four, five, six, seven and eight in each of the ten primary schools under study. To elicit information from the subjects, a questionnaire was administered to each of the teachers. The data collected was the analysed and the results were presented in tabular form as frequency distributions and percentages. The results were also discussed immediately after each item. The research findings of the study showed that: (1) The primary home science teachers were mainly females. (2) Facilities and equipment for teaching Home science were inadequate hence dissatisfaction. (3) The number of pupils per class in the primary schools under the study were too many to be taught effectively. (4) The factors which were mentioned more frequently as contributing to overall job satisfaction were: Relationship with other teachers, pupils and school inspectors, responsibility, work without supervision, job security, recognition from the head teacher, use of own approaches to planning and teaching, provision of school holidays and seeing the results of their own work. (5) The factors which were mentioned more frequently as contributing to overall job dissatisfaction were: salary compared to that of equivalent personnel and the amount paid for the job, current method of promoting teachers (on merit), inadequate supply of teaching materials and equipment, housing, house allowance, medical scheme and other benefits, attitude of the society towards teachers and the teaching profession, the number of subjects a teacher was expected to teach, opportunity for advancement and inservice education and the number of pupils per class. (6) The desired changes Home Science teachers called for were: salary increase, promotion on both merit and academic grounds, supply of teaching materials and equipment, improve housing, house allowance, medical scheme and other benefits, avoid overloading teachers with subjects and lessons, review the 8:4:4 curriculum with a view to reducing the number of subjects, improve the working conditions and supervision techniques, a reduction in the number of pupils per class and streamline the transfer procedures. (7) Personal variables such as age, sex, grade levels and teaching experience had an effect on job satisfaction/dissatisfaction. Some recommendations were made by the researcher, which were expected to be useful in reducing job dissatisfaction among Home Science primary school teachers. (1) Male teachers should be encouraged to teach Home Science since they are trained to teach the subject. (2) The number of pupils in Home Science classes should be reduced by either having more teachers or dividing the classes into smaller groups. (3) In-service courses should be organized for untrained teachers and for the advancement of serving teachers. (4) The current method of promoting teachers (on merit) should be reviewed to include academic qualifications and teaching experience. (5) Salaries of primary school teachers should be reviewed to be equivalent to those of other personnel with similar qualifications. (6) Primary schools should find ways and means of ensuring a supply of Home Science facilities and equipment. Harambees could be organized to raise money for these. (7) Home Science teachers should be given a reasonable teaching load if they are to teach effectively. (8) The negative attitude the society has towards teachers and the teaching profession should be changed. This could be done by making them aware of the positive aspects about teachers and the teaching profession. (9) The Teachers Service Commission should consider providing better housing, house allowance, medical scheme and other benefits to both male and female teachers of primary schools. These recommendations are not exhaustive, however, it is hoped that they are important. Finally, an effort was made to give suggestions for further research topics in factors contributing to job satisfaction/dissatisfaction in primary schools.