Supplimentary sources of funds for secondary education in Kenya: a survey of Kakamega district
Wesonga, D. M.
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The purpose of this study was to identify school-based economic activities in secondary school, find out the use to which funds from these activities was put; identify the problems facing income-generation activities and propose solutions to the problems. This study examines school-based economic activities that secondary schools can resort to in trying to bridge the resource gap between the financial resources forthcoming from parents, the community and the government and what schools really need for effective implementation of their educational programmes. The research involved twenty-four secondary schools Headteachers in Kakamega District. A questionnaire and an observation schedule constituted the research instruments of this study. Results of the study revealed that: a) Many schools had made an effort and were generating funds from school-based economic activities to supplement existing sources. An average income of Ksh. 152,031.52 was generated annually by schools from school-based supplementary sources. These activities varied in diversity and viability among schools. Dependency relationships were found to exist between some of the variable by the chi-square tests of independence conducted. b) Head teacher faced difficulties, mainly, lack of entrepreneurial, skills, capital and time, in an attempt to initiate and run income--generating activities. c) Many secondary schools faced financial constraints and this affected the smooth-running of their educational programmes. Data revealed that schools lacked essential teaching-facilities and observation showed that they performed poorly in national examinations. This study made the following recommendations on how the generation of funds from school-based economic activities by secondary schools could be enhanced. 1) Secondary schools need to develop their school-based income-generating units to operate optimally and should manage them along business principles. 2) The Ministry of Education needs to give schools a clear policy on income-generating activities. One way would be by allowing schools to have a vote head for this facility, which would streamline the acquisition and disbursement of funds for these activities. 3) Schools need to be assisted in exploiting the full potential of this source of funds through training of headteachers/managers in entrepreneurial skills and assistance in acquiring the required initial capital.