Effects of temporal employement on school workers performance and delivery of quality education of secondary schools in Butula district
Wekesa, Stanslaus Wabwile
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Several changes have been taking place in the labour market that has led to greater flexibility in employment. In this context, temporary employment has been the focus of many research papers due to rapid changes in employment policies, shifting markets and new competition. It has led organizations to seek lower labour costs and increased productivity. Institutions employ workers for brief periods of time during peak seasons and more so use temporal placement as a way of screening workers for permanent positions especially for workers whose histories is not known by the institution. Individuals also benefits by getting opportunities to try out for positions they otherwise might not have had. Temporary employment has therefore been used as a tool to achieve labour flexibility. Evidence suggests that the share in this employment arrangement is growing. This has raised concerns because jobs in these arrangements often provide lower wages fewer benefits and less stability than comparable permanent jobs. While temporary" employment has became a common activity, very little is known about its impacts on the employees and employers during and long after implementation. In this project the researcher looked at the trends in this employment arrangement, why employers use temporal employees and the implications of these practices. Through an intense census study in secondary schools in Butula District the researcher defined the circumstance under which these workers are likely to be affected, minimally affected or even benefit from such placements. The researcher prepared questionnaires to help collect both primary and secondary data for analysis. The questionnaire was drawn for non teaching executive staff and non teaching junior staff, students and principals in secondary schools in Butula District. To this end, research questions were defined about the decisive factors in temporary employment over permanent employment and the positive and negative significance of their influence; the results were then analyzed using descriptive statistical package for social sciences (SPSS). The study established that temporary employees work for short hours and are paid very little money. They also face the problem of lack of job security, as they can lose their jobs anytime. It was for these reasons among others that almost all temporary employees wished to be employed permanently. The study recommends that much as schools cannot do without temporary workers, school heads should ensure that temporary workers employed in their schools are paid justly, according to the work they do; schools should come up with policies to' employ temporary workers permanently after working as temporaries for a certain period of time and that temporary workers should strive to better their skills and education levels so as to be better-placed when chances for permanent employment come up.