A study of the relationship between teachers' reinforcement behaviour in the classroom and the students' interaction in Bishop Gatimu Ngandu girls' high school
Kinyagia, Susan Wambui
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This research work encompasses an investigation of the relationship between the reinforcing behaviour of teachers in the classroom and how this behaviour is related to the learners' interaction. The research was carried out in Nyeri District, in Bishop Gatimu Ngandu Girls High School. The sample selected included five teachers, all of whom were observed teaching classes of forty to forty-four students. The teachers were observed teaching for forty minutes each. The researcher used an observation schedule to record the data collected. The observation schedule comprised various categories of reinforcement under which he noted the number of times the teacher(s) used them. Contained, too, in this research is the literature review. It formed the background that propelled the researcher towards the study. Theories dealingwith the significance of reinforcement in shaping behaviour are highlighted.Amongst the theorist discussed are skinner, Pavlov and Hull. Articles underscoring the relevance of interaction in learning are also highlighted. From the research, it was concluded that reinforcement is vital in promoting classroom interaction. It was observed that majority of teachers were not ignorant of reinforcement. However, teachers lacked balance in their usage of different modes of reinforcement for different results. The researcher recommended that courses based on relevance and application of reinforcement be made compulsory to student teachers. Teachers in the field (in schools) should also be in-serviced in the same. Further research in the same field was also recommended.