Factors affecting sustainability of donor funded projects in arid and semi-arid in Kenya; a case of Marsabit Central district
Okun, Martin Adera
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The role played by donor agencies in improving living standards of familieslhouseholds, groups and individuals in any country especially in arid and semi-arid areas cannot be underestimated. There has been a significant increase in activities from donor agencies such as Community-Based Organizations (CBO), Faith-Based Organizations (FBO) and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) among others with regards to funding of various projects especially in arid and semiarid areas where the government has failed to deliver services to its people. However development projects, initiated and/or funded by these donor agencies, perform poorly and many become non-operational on termination of donor support. Despite this problem, no study has been done to establish the cause of the termination of these donor funded projects especially on withdrawal of donor support. This poses a gap that this study sought to. fill through an investigation of the factors that affect the sustainability of the donor funded projects in arid and semi-arid areas in Kenya The study adopted descriptive research design. The target population included all the employees working with donor funded project in Marsabit Central District. Data was collected from the sampled respondents using questionnaires as the principal data collection instrument. Stratified and purposive sampling techniques were used to come up with a representative sample size. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) was used to aid in generation of results. The data was presented in form of pie charts, Bar graphs and frequency tables, percentages and cross-tabulation among others. The study established that most donors funded project in Marsabit were unsustainable after the withdrawal of the donor funding. The key factors that were found to affect the sustainabiIty of donor funded projects were manly the existing donor policies and the management systems adopted by the project. The study recommended that adoption of succession planning was necessary to ensure that the target beneficially and the stakeholders are well prepared to effectively run the projects after withdrawal of donor support.