Assessment of the factors affecting the level of job satisfaction of teachers - a case of public secondary schools teachers in Bureti district
Nyathira, Leonard Ngotho
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Understanding of the psychology of work motivation and job satisfaction is of at most importance in human resource management (HRM) practice because maintenance of high job satisfaction in employees has economic, social and ethical benefit to an organization. The issue of secondary school teachers' job satisfaction and retention has been the focus of research a cross disciplinary boundaries since low job satisfaction leads to low productivity expressed by low students' performance, high turnover, absenteeism, general anti- social and discipline problems as well as poor mental and physical health. The aim of this research was to assess the factors affecting the levels of job satisfaction of teachers in Bureti District. The research was necessary due to continued poor performance of Students in the district in national examinations. The objectives of the research was to determine job aspects that teachers are most satisfied and dissatisfied with and also to assess the extent of the relationship between job satisfaction of teachers and nine independent variables of age, gender, marital status, educational qualification, responsibility, teaching experience, teaching subjects, size of school and affiliation to the local community. The target population was 614 public secondary school teachers in the district employed by the Teachers Service Commission (T.S.C). A descriptive survey using a closed and open ended questionnaire was used to collect data from a sample size of233. A stratified random sampling was used with the questionnaire administered through 'drop and pick later' method. A response rate of 82.6 % was attained. The data was analysed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) giving descriptive statistics like the mean, mode and standard deviation. Inferential statistics namely a two-tailed Pearson. Product- Moment Correlation was used to show the strength of the relationship between some variables. The results were presented using frequency distribution tables with percentages. The findings of the study were: 1. Renumeration was the most dissatisfying job factor followed by Promotion policy while School policy and administration came up as the third most dissatisfying factor. Dissatisfaction with renumeration was also found to increase with education qualification of a teacher. 2. Teachers are also dissatisfied with certain job aspects like availability of teaching and learning resources, housing, recognition from politicians, interpersonal relationship with politicians and perceived job security through their unions. 3. The teaching job itself was rated as the most satisfying job factor according to 63.1 % of the respondents. Teachers were also satisfied with the recognition factor and interpersonal relations especially with fellow teachers and students. 4. Certain factors were found not to influence job satisfaction of teachers; these are gender, marital status, teaching subjects, school size and community background of the teacher. 5. Job satisfaction is influenced by age, teaching experience, responsibility and educational qualification. However, high educational qualification has a negative influence on job satisfaction of teachers. 6. 81.8 % of the respondents were satisfied with the teaching career suggesting that, teachers in the district have a high overall job satisfaction.