Influence of circumcision ceremony on education of Primary school pupils in Kanduyi division Bungoma district, Kenya
Mukhongo, Anne Nabuyaya
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The study was to investigate the influence of circumcision ceremony on education of primary school pupils in Kanduyi Division of Bungoma District. The study was conducted in nine primary schools in Kanduyi Division of Bungoma District. The study's sample included eight headteachers, 51 pupils and 74 teachers. One Area Education Officer was also involved. The sampling methods were simple random sampling, and stratified sampling and purposeful sampling. The instruments for data collection were interview and questionnaires. Responses were analyzed using frequencies, percentages and tabulation. The study findings attendance and performance in internal examination. The ceremony also contributes to high school dropout among primary school pupils and that there are virtues acquired during circumcision ceremony through teachings and songs sung during such times that can be integrated in the primary school curriculum. Finally, on the basis of the findings, modifying circumcision ceremony by including counseling of boys and girls, integrating moral aspects acquired in the primary school curriculum in Bungoma District, decentralizing the curriculum and monitoring of youth during circumcision ceremony were recommended. Suggestions for further research were also made.