Strategies to improve girls' participation in secondary education in Yatta Division, Machakos disrict, Kenya
Wambua, Rose Nyambura
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This research sought to identify strategies to improve girls' participation in secondary education. Chapter one describes the problem,that despite major efforts by the government and other organizations, girls' participation in education still remains low. The objectives that guided this study were to identify the major constraints hindering girls' participation in education, to find out the societal attitude towards girl education and to identify possible strategies that may be used to improve the girls' participation in secondary education. The researcher used descriptive survey design using an exploratory approach. The study was done in Yatta Division of Machakos District. The target population was the secondary school headteachers and teachers. The study used a purposeful sampling technique to identify the schools and random sampling to select the teacher respondents. Questionnaires were used to reach the expected number of respondents. The questionnaires were piloted before they were administered fully to the respondents. Descriptive statistics was used to analyze the information collected. Data collected from the field was coded and entered into the computer for analysis using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). Research findings showed that in almost all schools, enrolment and performance of boys are higher than that of girls. The major constraints hindering girls' participation in secondary schools were revealed as lack of school fees, low esteem and peer influence among others. The main strategies that stakeholders can undertake to improve the situation include, increasing bursaries for girls, expanding boarding facilities for girls, educating the society on the importance of girl education and encouraging the girls themselves to work hard to compete with boys in school. Recommendations include raising household incomes to improve school fees payment for the girls, strengthening guidance and counseling in secondary schools and adding bursary allocation for girls in secondary schools. The research findings would be very useful to all stakeholders in education in improving girls' participation in school and consequently improving their status in society.