Effects of delayed fees payments on the teaching and learning process factors in public secondary schools in Mbeere district, Kenya
Nyaga, Beatrice M.
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The teaching and learning process in any educational institution is the central focus not only of parents and students but also of the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology and the community in which the institution is situated. Parents, students and the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology attribute success or failure in achieving the set educational and institutional goals to the efficiency or inefficiency of the administration in ensuring that learning and teaching takes place effectively in schools. The head teacher is expected to come up with achievable plans for school development that will create and enhance an environment that is conducive for effective learning and teaching, supply equipment and books required as well as supervise teachers. This study was an investigation of the effects of delayed fees payments on the teaching and learning process factors in public secondary schools in Mbeere District. The study which was based on the systems theory (Owen, 1998) was conducted in Mbeere District, Kenya, using data collected from head teachers from provincial and district secondary schools in the district. Employing the cross-sectional research design, appropriate nor description and interpretation of existing relationships and comparison of variables (Nkpa, 1997), the study was conducted in 15 out of 41 public secondary schools in the district. Stratified random sampling procedure was used to select six provincial secondary schools and nine district secondary schools. Fifteen (15) head teachers and eighty four (84) heads of department and class teachers responded. Data was collected by use of questionnaires and document analysis. Statistics used included means, percentages and the Chi-square tests at 0.05 level of significance. Results were reported in summaries using frequency distributions, tables and bar charts. The findings showed that there were delays in school fees payments in all the schools and that it had serious effects on the teaching and learning process. There was no significant difference between provincial and district secondary schools in the effects of delayed school fees payments for all the teaching and learning process factors. The conclusion made from the findings is that there is delay in payment of school fees in public secondary schools in Mbeere District and this had serious negative effects on all the aspects of teaching and learning process under study This calls for necessary action by all secondary education stake holders for these serious effects to be alleviated so as to ensure smooth and effective teaching and learning activity. It was therefore recommended that: • Awareness campaigns should be held by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology to sensitize parents on the importance of paying school fees on time. • The government of Kenya should formulate strategies and programs with the intention of assisting the people in the district to identify reliable income generating activities so as to raise their economic level and their living standard. • Since the cost sharing policy is not effectively working in the district, bursary funds should be increased in order to cater for a larger number of academically promising students in the district. • The government should devise a more effective scheme whereby parents pay fees according to their economic ability and the government provides supplementary grants to schools whose parents cannot pay all the amounts required.