Effects of locus of control on survival and problem solving ability among victims of tribal clashes in Olomoran divion-Laikipia district (Rift Valley province, Kenya)
Mahinda, J. Maina
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The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship that exists between the locus of control of victims of tribal clashes in Kenya and their survival and problem solving ability. The relationship that gender has to each of these variables was also investigated. The study targeted both males and females victims in Olmoran division. A sample of 150 survivors were randomly selected from five locations that were highly affected by clashes. Using a correlation approach the study utilized three standardized statistical instruments. the problem -solving inventory by Heppner and Peterson 91982) was use to measure the survivors problem solving self appraisal while the Internal locus control scale by Rotter (1966) was used to measure the locus control dimension. A self-made questionnaire will be used to explore the feelings and opinions of the survivors. The data were analysed using the spearman rank order correlation coefficient and the chi-square test using a 0.05 level of significance. It is hoped that this finding will inform policy makers and care givers on the need to formulate a good strategy that will enable the communities to have a good conflict management measures. Counselors could use this findings to plan and employ appropriate interventions in helping those unable to make use of their frustrations. The result show that survivors with an internal locus of control are prepared if necessary to challenge and change the existing systems and are not constrained by conventional assumptions and beliefs. These survivors are effective problem solvers since they have confidence in their problem solving abilities. The result are discussed in relation to the need for strengthening and improving rehabilitation and resettlement programmes of the displaced survivors in Kenya. The result were discussed in relation to the need for strengthening and improving rehabilitation and resettlement programmes of the displaced survivors in Kenya.