Effectiveness of the use of audiological equipment in the audiological rehabilitation of primary school pupils with hearing impairments in Nyanza Province, Kenya
Nyakado, John Abuor
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Audiological assessment provides information on the extent of hearing loss leading to the provision of suitable hearing aids to pupils with hearing impairments. This will ensure effective audiological rehabilitation programmes appropriate to the pupils, It is against this background that the study was set to investigate the effective use of audiological equipment in audiological rehabilitation for the development of speech and communication skills of pupils with hearing impairments in schools in Nyanza Province. The research design for this study was descriptive survey. This was relevant for the study to describe, analyse and interpret the nature and extent of utilization of audiological equipment among other variables which governed this study. Purposive sampling method was used to select 4 schools, 19 teachers and 25 standard 2 pupils. Teacher-made auditory training and speech tests were administered to 25 pupils individually to diagnose the extent to which pupils with hearing impairments use their auditory sense. Questionnaires were used to obtain information from 15 teachers and 4 headteachers. Interview schedule was used to obtain information from the selected pupils. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as frequencies, percentages and means. A t-test was used particularly to analyze question 1 and 5 and question 2,3,4 and 6 were analyzed using descriptive method. The responses to items were tabulated and data were organized through frequency tables and percentages based on research questions. The findings of the study revealed major problems faced by teachers which included; lack of knowledge in basic audiology and inaccessibility to modern and suitable individual hearing aids by the pupils. All these contributed to ineffective audiological rehabilitation process in primary schools for pupils with hearing impairments. The findings of this study will be of use to teachers and pupils, the government and other concerned stakeholders in knowing their roles as far as the use of audiological equipment in audiological rehabilitation of pupils are concerned. The study recommended among others, emphasis to be laid on practical aspects of the use and management of audiological equipment than theory during training. It also recommended an extension on the same study to cover other provinces, post primary institutions and pupils in inclusive settings.