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dc.contributor.authorNyamwange, Methuselah Mang’erere
dc.contributor.authorNjeru, Ezekiel Mugendi
dc.contributor.authorMucheru-Muna, Monicah
dc.contributor.authorNgetich, Felix
dc.date.accessioned2018-07-09T11:35:44Z
dc.date.available2018-07-09T11:35:44Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.citationAIMS Agriculture and Food, 3 (2): 120–134. DOI:10.3934/agrfood.2018.2.120en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://ir-library.ku.ac.ke/handle/123456789/18512
dc.descriptionResearch Articleen_US
dc.description.abstractAgronomic management practices influence beneficial soil biota, especially arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF). AMF colonizes about eighty percent of land plants, promoting absorption of essential nutrients and crop growth. Here, a 5-year field experiment was carried out in Central Kenyan Highlands to determine the effect of tillage, mulching and inorganic fertilizers on the number of infective AMF propagules in the soil, mycorrhizal root colonization of maize and uptake of P and N from the soil. The study involved conventional and minimum tillage systems, mulching using dried maize stovers and inorganic fertilizers (120 kg N/ha). The experiment was set up in randomized complete block design and replicated thrice. The number of infective AMF propagules decreased in the following order; V4 stage (p < 0.0001), V6 stage (p < 0.0001), maize harvest (p = 0.0076) and before maize planting (p = 0.0061). Minimum tillage + mulch + no NP fertilizer (ZRO) treatment recorded the highest number of infective AMF propagules with an average of 90 propagules g-1 of soil whereas conventional tillage + mulch + NP fertilizer (CRF) and conventional tillage + no mulch + NP fertilizer (CWF) treatments recorded the lowest number of AMF propagules with an average of 1.33 propagules g-1 of soil. Besides, AMF colonization of maize roots at V4, V6 and harvest stages was significantly affected by tillage (p < 0.0001), mulch (p = 0.0001) and fertilizer (p < 0.0001). Results at juvenile stage showed a strong positive correlation between AMF colonization and shoot P (r = 0.933, p < 0.0001) and N (r = 0.928, p < 0.0001). These findings demonstrate a strong effect of agronomic management practices on soil AMF propagules which subsequently affected root colonization and uptake of essential nutrients such as P and N.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherAIMS Pressen_US
dc.subjectArbuscular mycorrhizal fungien_US
dc.subjectRoot colonizationen_US
dc.subjectSoil management practicesen_US
dc.subjectP uptakeen_US
dc.subjectMaizeen_US
dc.titleSoil management practices affect arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi propagules, root colonization and growth of rainfed maizeen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US


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