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dc.contributor.authorMagali, Leyvraz
dc.contributor.authorDavid-Kigaru, Dorcus M.
dc.contributor.authorMacharia-Mutie, Catherine
dc.contributor.authorAaron, Grant J.
dc.contributor.authorRoefs, Marlene
dc.contributor.authorTumilowicz, Alison
dc.date.accessioned2018-01-12T09:42:26Z
dc.date.available2018-01-12T09:42:26Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.citationFood and Nutrition Bulletin 1-9, 2017en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://ir-library.ku.ac.ke/handle/123456789/18128
dc.descriptionResearch Articleen_US
dc.description.abstractBackground: Intake of micronutrient-rich foods among children aged 6 to 23 months in Nairobi is low. Objective: This study aimed to assess existing coverage and utilization of micronutrient powders (MNPs), fortified staples, and iodized salt among children aged 6 to 23 months prior to implementation of an MNP program. Methods: A cross-sectional survey among caregivers of children aged 6 to 23 months (n ¼ 618) was implemented in 7 neighborhoods within Nairobi County, representing the implementation area of the new MNP program. Results: Results for MNP coverage and utilization showed 28.5% of all caregivers were aware of MNP, 18.5% had ever receivedMNP for their child, and 10.8% had fedMNP to their child in the previous 7 days. Effective coverage (ie, the child had been given the MNP at least 3 times in the previous 7 days) was 5.8%. Effective coverage of infants and young children with poor feeding practices was significantly lower as compared to those with non-poor feeding practices (coverage ratio, 0.34; confidence interval, 0.12-0.70). Most households purchased iodized salt (96.9%), fortified oil (61.0%), and fortified maize flour (93.9%). An estimated 23.9% of vitamin A requirements of children (6-23 months) were provided from fortified oil and 50.7% of iron from fortified maize flour. Most households consumed processed milk (81%). Conclusion: Coverage of MNPs in the surveyed neighborhoods was low. Coverage of fortified salt, oil, and maize flour was high and provided significant amount of micronutrients to children. Processed milk has potential as a vehicle for food fortification.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherSAGE Publicationsen_US
dc.subjectInfant and young child feedingen_US
dc.subjectMNPen_US
dc.subjectHome fortificationen_US
dc.subjectCoverageen_US
dc.subjectFood fortificationen_US
dc.subjectKenyaen_US
dc.titleCoverage and Consumption of Micronutrient Powders, Fortified Staples, and Iodized Salt Among Children Aged 6 to 23 Months in Selected Neighborhoods of Nairobi County, Kenyaen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US


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