Headteacher's Instructional Supervision and its Impact on Performance of K.C.P.E: A Case of Kiritiri Division, Mbeere South District, Embu County, Kenya
Njogu, Caroline Njeri
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Instructional supervision has been identified as an important factor in the improvement of teaching and learning and consequently the achievement of educational goals. The purpose of the study was to find out the impact of head teachers instructional supervision on performance of K.C.P.E in Kiritiri Division, Mbeere South District, Kenya. Five research objectives guided the study. The study was based on the collegial model of instructional supervision and it applied the descriptive survey design. The study's target population comprised 28 head teachers, 240 teachers and 6306 pupils. Hence a total target population of 6574. The sample of the study comprised of 12 head teachers, 72 teachers and 80 class seven pupils. Data were collected by use of questionnaires and interview guides. Qualitative data were analyzed by use of frequencies, mean and standard deviation while qualitative data were analyzed thematically in line with the study's objectives. The findings were presented using frequency distribution tables, bar graphs and pie charts. From the study majority of head teachers check schemes of work and lesson plans. They make class visits, walk rounds, provide appropriate feedback after the class visits, and walk rounds. Majority of head teachers also help maintain a suitable learning environment. However, majority do not effectively ensure implementation of the syllabus in their schools and provision of adequate instructional materials. In most schools, learners were given assignments and assignments were marked. Many schools also offered continuous assessment tests and half of the interviewed schools hold academic clinics. It was indicated that many teachers did not observe punctuality. Most head teachers' rate of monitoring instructional programmes was indicated as being poor. Head teachers inculcated a conducive working environment and were democratic in their style of carrying out supervision. Head teachers receive minimal support from the Department of Quality assurance and standards in the division. Teachers viewed instructional supervision as being necessary and that it helps improve standards. On whether head teachers instructional supervision correlates to K.C.P.E. The study found the correlation as being statistically not significant enough. The study came up with recommendation that head teachers should embrace a democratic style in carrying out supervision. The department of quality assurance and standards should offer more support to the head teachers. The government should provide enough funds to schools and also put strict controls so as to ensure the funds are not embelzzed. The study suggested that since the study was conducted in one division, there is need to conduct a similar study in other divisions in the County. Studies should also be carried out to investigate the influence of poverty and literacy levels among parents on academic performance in the division.