Challenges Facing Female Principals in Secondary School Administration in Githunguri, Kiambu County, Kenya
Mbugua, Ellis, Damaries N.
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The study intended to determine challenges that confront women in the field of educational administration in Githunguri sub-county. With the promulgation of the new constitution, administrative positions were allocated to both genders, to bring about gender parity and balance. However, cultural and social obstacles have affected the female inclusion rate in school administration. Stereotypes propagated by men and the society have discriminated against women and discouraged them from taking up the positions. The study sought to investigate: challenges encountered by female administrators in secondary schools; the professional preparedness of females for administrative positions, the effectiveness of the support services provided to female administrators to enhance their school administration; and the teachers and students' perceptions on the effectiveness of female .administrators, This study will major significance in the professional development of female school administrators as it sought to identify the dilemmas and blockade they encounter in their duties. By use of a descriptive survey and purposeful sampling, the data collected was taken as an indicator of what is being encountered by female administrators, especially in the rural areas. The target population included eleven female principals in the secondary schools in Githunguri subcounty, eight female deputy principals, and the DEO who was personally interviewed. The quantitative data collected from the questionnaires were analyzed descriptively with the aid of SPSS computer program. The data were then presented using descriptive statistics such as frequency tables and percentages. Qualitative data obtained from the interview schedule were organized into relevant themes and discussed based on the• research objectives. The findings indicated that administration of secondary schools was mainly dominated by males than females and the challenges faced by female principals were unique to them. Hence the researcher recommended that females should be given unique training as per their challenges. short courses, workshops and support groups that would create platforms to exchange ideas, while family issues should be a consideration when promoting and transferring the administrators to avoid role conflicts.