Availability, Selection and Utilization of Instructional Resources for Mathematics in Selected Primary Schools in Kiharu Division, Murang'a County – Kenya
Nduati, Morris Kamau
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Teaching learning resources increases learner's perception. They increase effective communication in education. Equipments and materials assist in the re-organization and redefining of educational experiences considerable learning can be achieved through reinforcement that is through direct experiences boosted by observation and verbal reinforcement. Effectively prepared instructional resources show all activities presented by a teacher drawing attention, conveying information in teaching environment, however teachers have always overlooked the use of instructional resources especially when teaching mathematics in our primary schools hence always registering low grades. The purpose of this study was therefore to ascertain whether these resources are available in our schools, how they are selected and utilized. The study was carried out in Kiharu Division of Murang'a County. The target population was 30 teachers from 15sampled schools in the division. The study adapted a descriptive survey design and employed questionnaires, interview scheduled and checklists schedule. The research instruments were piloted in three schools outside the sampled schools in Kiharu Division to ascertain their validity and reliability. Data collected was coded for computer analysis using SPSS. Analysis using frequency and percentage was presented in form of tables, graphs and pie charts. The analysis was according to the main research objectives to review the major issues of concern. The finding showed that there is shortage of text books, stationeries and teaching aids in these schools therefore this affects the teaching and learning of mathematics, teachers also do not utilize instructional resources when teaching mathematics neither do they improvise teaching learning resources. Schools should be funded enough so as to alleviate the problem of instructional resources and cost sharing should be done to improve the acquisition of instructional resources in our schools.