Performance of students in Kiswahili language in Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education Examination in Winam Division, Kisumu County, Kenya
Wandera, Vincent Ouma
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The purpose of this study was to establish the factors influencing secondary school students' performance in Kiswahili language. The study was confined to Winam Division of Kisumu East Sub-county, Kisumu County. The major objectives for the study were to investigate the factors influencing academic performance in Kiswahili subject in secondary schools. The study interrogated the prevailing perceptions by various stakeholders towards Kiswahili language, the challenges faced when teaching and learning Kiswahili language by teachers and students respectively and mitigations towards improving the efficiency and effectiveness in student performance in Kiswahili language. The research employed a descriptive survey study design as a better option for bringing out interventions in stepping up Kiswahili Kenya Certificate for Secondary Education results. The population for the study comprised secondary schools in Winam Division of Kisumu East Sub-county. The target population for this study included students, - teachers and school management committee members. Purposive sampling was used to sample teachers for the study. A total of 25% respondents were targeted from the secondary schools of Winam Division. Secondary data was analysed to come up with the results. Questionnaires, interview schedules and observation schedules were used as instruments for data collection. Data was analyzed by use of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) computer package. This was used to determine the challenges facing the effective teaching and learning of Kiswahili in Winam Division. Responses from questionnaires and interview schedules were organized according to pertinent aspects of the study. The findings were presented by use of frequencies, tables, graphs and pie charts. The study comes. up with key challenges to effective teaching and learning of Kiswahili. This includes among others, a research dearth on ways to improve Kiswahili performance. It also looks at the effect of resources (both human and material) availability on results. The study recommends that the Kiswahili teaching-learning environments be diversified and varied to propagate and create student interest. This is crucial in fighting the negative perception students may have regarding Kiswahili language. In this regard teachers should be encouraged to be creative in their teaching methods by use of charts, videos and online teaching to keep abreast with the infusion of modem technology to teaching. Additionally, Teachers Service Commission should recruit and post more trained Kiswahili teachers who can competitively handle the subject and bring about an attitude change in students to enhance Kiswahili performance in final exams in the division.