The impact of increased enrollment on quality standards in county boarding secondary schools in Muranga County,Kenya
Njoroge, Rodah Njoki
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of increased enrollment to the quality standards in the county boarding schools in Murang'a County. The objectives of the study were; to determine the effect of increased enrollment on the adequacy of resources and facilities in county boarding schools, to determine the effect of increased enrollment on quality standards in the county boarding schools and to determine strategies of maintaining quality standards in the county boarding schools. The study was based on 'the classical liberal theory of equal opportunity and social Darwinism'. Literature review done noted that studies done on relationship between quality and enrollment concentrated on improved access as a result of FPE and FSE but have left out the impact of increased enrollment to the quality standards. The locale of the study was Murang'a County. The study employed a descriptive survey design. The target population was all teachers and principals of all county schools in Murang'a County. The population therefore was 851 teachers and 27 principals. 8 Sub- county education officers and 8 quality assurance officers were also interviewed. The study employed stratified sampling and simple random sampling to select the schools to be included in the study and the respondents from among the County schools. Stratified sampling was used to select the three categories of boarding schools. I.e. boys' schools, girls' schools and mixed schools. Simple random sampling was then used to select teachers, sub-county education officers and sub- county quality assurance officers who were included in the study as respondents. Principals were purposively selected. Questionnaires were given to the principals and the teachers while interview schedules were used to interview the sub-county education officers and quality assurance officers. Quantitative data was analyzed using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) computer Programme. The study has concluded that the quality standards of the schools have been maintained as far as the intake grades of students is concerned with 72.2% having over 300 marks in their KCPE. However most of the other aspects of quality standards have been compromised due to the increased enrollment. The provisions of human and physical resources have not matched with the increased enrollment. This has lowered the quality of school environment and the quality of teaching. The study also established that schools have tried to put measures in place to face the challenges but this has not been adequate. The study recommends early projection of the secondary school population in order to allocate enough funding to the county schools and upgrading free day secondary schools to county schools. The study also recommended partnership between the government and private sector to come with . affordable schools of the same caliber.