A study of the methods and resources used in teaching social education and ethics in Secondary Schools in Kakamega District, Kenya
Were, Renson Sospeter
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It is generally believed that for any learning objective to be achieved, teaching methods and resources are very necessary. Hence teaching is to do with methodology backed by relevant resources. It is also noted that the effectiveness of the methods and resources used to achieve the set objectives of any subject, social education and Ethics (S.E.E) included, is reflected at the end of the course through assessment. This study was mainly concerned with the methods and resources used in teaching S.E.E in secondary schools in Kakamega District, Western Province. It thus aimed at finding out whether the experiences and training level of the teachers affect the choice of the methods used in teaching S.E.E. It went further to examine some factors that hinder teachers of SEE from using certain methods of teaching. The sample of the study consisted of teachers of S.E.E in Kakamega District. Thirty (30) secondary school were drawn randomly form the eighty (80) schools in the district. The major findings of the study showed that the available teaching-learning resources were inadequate which adversely affected the effective teaching of S.E.E in secondary schools. From the methods used teachers in teaching S.E.E, it was found that teachers had not been adequately and competently equipped with the teaching skills of imparting morals to the students. xii The findings also indicated that transmission, heuristic, critical, creative, experimental, social relating and social science methods were commonly used by S.E.E teachers. Valuing methods were not commonly used by teachers and were found to be difficult to use by majority of teachers. The findings indicated that the methods teachers used in teaching S.E.E do not lead to the achievement of the set objectives. S.E.E is taught for examination purposes; and not to produce an individual of good moral who will be integrated in his/her society. Finally, the investigation made the necessary recommendations which are summarized in chapter five of the study. The researcher also gave suggestions for further research.