Choice of prepositions by form three students in selected schools in Machakos County
Musyoka, Eunice Kamanthe
MetadataShow full item record
Thisquatitative study investigated the choice of prepositions by form 3 students in Machakos County. Guided by the prototype and lexical semantics theories of linguistics, the study was based upon the following objectives: To establish the various ways in which form three students use prepositions to bring out their syntactic and semantic functions; to ascertain the factors that deteaniee the students choice of prepositions; to determine the grammatical cruillenges that students face wbile using prepositions and finally, tonnd out the form three teachers of English views on the grammatical challenges faced by ,·their students as they use prepositions. Data was collected from students and teachers through use of questionnaires -for teachers and testing exercises for students. Data analysis procedures were basically qualitative especially for deseabing the students' responses as well as the teachers of English views on the grammatical challenges facing their learners. Descriptive statistics came in .handy to present the central tendency of usage of certain prepositions. as well as ·the percentages of occurrence of certain challenges and the factors that learners used in making a choice of preposition. The results were presented in tal)l~fermat and graphs for easy drawing of conclusions. The main fil.lQiQ:gs of the study revealed that the population under study experienced difficulties in choosing a preposition for the right syntactic and semantic functions. Because of;t;his dlfiico:lty, the learners ended up relying on their knowledgeof'their first language or used guesswork while making a choice of the prepositions to use at any particular time. The study concludes that since most learners could not make 'the 'COrrectchoice of a preposition from a given pair, then there is a deficiency in the learners' levels of competence in the use of this lexical item. The·study therefore recommends that prepositional choice whicll fails under the teaching and learning of English grammar in Kenyan schools should be reviewed by curriculum developers in the way they are presented to learners in th¢mstructional materials available for them. This study felt thatthiswas of prime importance in order to incorporate proper rules of usage so that the students may be able to employ the correct factors in making a choice of the preposition to use. It is therefore hoped that the information collected in this study will go a long way in helping learners overcome the grammatical challenges that they face while using prepositions.