A descriptive analysis of Ekegusii adjuncts: a minimalist approach
Ong'eta, Esther Mokeira
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This study analyzes a descriptive analysis of Ekegusii adjuncts using the Minimalist approach. The main objectives of the study were: to describe the forms of Ekegusii adverbials, to establish the meanings expressed by adverbial elements, to identify and describe the distribution of adverbials, and to discuss how adverbial elements in Ekegusii can be accounted for using the Minimalist Program. Adverbials in Ekegusii appear in the form of noun phrases, adverbs and adverb phrases, prepositional phrases and adverbial clauses. These adverbial elements can express meanings such as time, place, manner and others. In terms of distribution, adverbials can occupy various positions within a sentence. The positions can be, sentence initial, post verbal, preverbal, within the verb group and the end position. The Minimalist Program (MP) provided our theoretical framework. Within the Minimalist Program, adverbials are in the form of: adverb phrases, prepositional phrases, determiner phrases or as complementizer phrases. A descriptive research design was used as a means of collecting raw data and for analysis and interpretation. Purposive sampling was used in selecting sentences with adverbial elements from the Ekegusii Bible, compositions and from other written Ekegusii texts. Purposive sampling was also used in selection of individuals who are competent and literate in Ekegusii to write compositions. The findings of this study can be useful to the lower primary school teachers as a source of materials that can be used in teaching local languages in primary schools in Kenya. It can also be of benefit to broadcasters in Ekegusii, curriculum as well as to material developers in Ekegusii.