The role of pictures in teaching English composition writing in upper primary school in Emuhaya Subcounty, Vihiga County, Kenya.
Jumba, Pamela Kalemesi
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Instruction using a variety of learning resources has been heralded as a most promising activity that can engage students into academic language and literacy skills. However, research on picture based instruction in English composition teaching is minimal. This study sought to establish the role of pictures and its effect on composition writing and language achievement in upper primary schools. This study was based on constructivism theory with two proponents, Jean Piaget and Vygostsky. Two categories of schools were selected; public and private. The sample population was about 10% of learners in Emuhaya Sub-county, who constituted upper primary pupils from six schools, twelve English panel leaders (teachers) and two Quality Assurance and Standards Officers (QASO). The sample population constituted class seven pupils of the six schools. The learners were twenty per group, within the age group of 11-14 years. The research methodology employed in the study was an experimental design. The experimental groups received the treatment with the use of pictures, whereas the comparison group was taught conventionally. Four instruments that were used in this study were questionnaire, tests, interviews and observation schedules. This study was piloted to establish whether the instruments were valid and reliable before the actual study. The data was analyzed using SPSS software package version 21. From the study, there was significant difference (p=0.001) among groups where there was use of pictures and the controls. Basing on the findings of the study, it was established that teachers rarely taught composition using pictures due to the short preparation time and therefore this lowered performance in composition writing. This study recommends a similar study on the use of pictures in middle primary school to compare the results. It also recommends a study on the adequacy and appropriacy of texts used by teachers in teaching English Composition. Lastly a similar study should be carried out for a longer period of time.