Establishing internal efficiency related to Retention and completion in secondary Education using 2003 - 2014 cohorts in Nzaui Sub county, Makueni - kenya
Wambua, Annah W.
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The purpose of this study was to establish the extent to which subsidized basic education has effect on internal efficiency in Nzaui Sub County, Makueni County- Kenya. The objectives of the study were to: determine the effect of education financing policies on internal efficiency of secondary schools in Nzaui Sub County; identify the school based factors that may affect internal efficiency; identify family based factors that may affect internal efficiency; identify the mitigation measures and mechanisms that exist at secondary education level to enhance internal efficiency. This research adopted cross sectional research design. The population for study was teachers, head teachers and students in Nzaui Sub County in Makueni County. The target population was 400 teachers, 33 head teachers and 9120 students in 33 secondary schools in the Sub-County. Ten (10) Head teachers were purposively selected while 40 teachers and students were randomly sampled. The questionnaires were piloted with 1 head teacher, 3 teachers and 6 students from 3 secondary schools. Content validity, the extent to which instrument content which includes sentence structure and the questions, are suitable for the intended respondents. This study employed split half method to test the reliability of the instruments. Quantitative data coded, assigned labels to variables categories and entered into the computer. Frequency tables, percentages, and Column charts were used to present the information. Qualitative data was organized into thematic areas for easier interpretation. The study established that despite government policy of subsidized secondary education, the increase in poverty levels has made it difficult for parents to support education adequately although it was evident that different types of materials used in teaching and learning in secondary schools were available in almost all schools except that they were inadequate to influence efficiency. The cost of school-based instruction itself is a major factor as schools requires students in secondary schools to have uniforms, textbooks, and stationery. Further, the study established that family based factors that contributed to dropouts can be summed up as result of low income and high poverty levels. The study concluded that, despite the Government policy of subsidized secondary education, amount of resources spent on education influences its quality and the amount of learning achieved hence internal efficiency. Recommendation based on the findings were that; the ministry of Education would consider further comprehensive policy review on number of subjects offered in secondary school to weed out inefficiencies and stop wastage if possible. The 8-4-4 curriculum, where students do not specialize in subjects should be reviewed and if possible, be reduced. A study on how to peg disbursement of free learning funds on regional poverty index could also add to this body of knowledge and mitigate educational wastage due to poverty.