An assessment of socio-cultural determinants of wastage amongst early childhood learners in Makindu Sub-County, Makueni County, Kenya
The delivery of early childhood education in Makindu sub-county has been marked by numerous challenges some of which have culminated in wastage. The government has always endeavored to improve access to and retention of learners in ECDE Centers but the problem of wastage through school dropouts has continued to persist. However, little has been done to interrogate the influence of socio-cultural determinants of educational wastages. Thus, the purpose of this study will be to assess the influence of socio-cultural determinants of educational wastages in early childhood education in Makindu sub-county, Makueni County, Kenya. The objectives of this study will include assessing the influence of child labor, family economic status and family beliefs on educational wastages in early childhood education. The study will be guided by the economic Production Function Theory. The target population for this study will comprise of 48 ECDE Center Managers, 192 ECDE Teachers and 240 Parents’ Representatives making a total of 480. Using The Central Limit Theorem, 12 Early childhood Centers, which make, 20.83% of the targeted centers (48) will be sampled, and then 25% (120) will be sampled from a population of 480.8 ECDE Centers, will be sampled. A stratified sampling technique will be used by the researcher in order to make 5 starters according to the number of zones in the area of study, and from each starter, 2 center managers and 10 teachers will be randomly selected. Simple random sampling will be the most appropriate in this study since it will reduce favourism thus the 12 Parents’ Representatives will also be randomly selected. This process leaves the researcher with a sample size of 10 ECDE Center Managers, 50 ECDE Teachers and 60 Parents’ Representatives. To collect data from ECD teachers the researcher will use questionnaires but for the Managers and Parents Representatives, an interview schedules will apply. In order to establish and test the validity and reliability of the instruments the researcher will conduct a pilot study which will involve 5 ECDE teachers from 2 ECDE Centers in the selected area of study. The researcher will first identify common themes in data analysis. He will then obtain the frequencies of the responses from the respondents and then give information based on the findings on the variables under investigation. Qualitative data collected will be analyzed thematically based on objectives of the study whereas the quantitative data will be analyzed by the use of descriptive statistics such as frequencies and percentages and inferentially using One-Sample t-Test Analysis in Statistical Packages for Social Science (SPSS Version 21) and the findings of the study hereafter will be presented using tables.
- OGR-School of Education