Evaluation of board of managements’ competence on academic outcomes: a case of public secondary schools in Migori County, Kenya
Nyakundi, Joyce Mongina
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A key contribution is made by the school Board of Management (BOM) to the teaching and learning process of any school. Inadequate quality management capabilities and ineffectiveness of most BOMs is to blame for dismal academic outcomes. The Ministry of Education Science Technology (MOEST) in its bid to implement and streamline the education sector, faces a raging controversy over the New Operational Guidelines (2014) for BOMs in all Basic Educational Institutions (BEIs).This research study was intended to evaluate BOMs‟ competence on academic outcomes in secondary schools in Migori County. The study objectives were to: examine the influence of BOMs‟ level of education and management experience; establish the extent of training in carrying out their management duties; determine the practice of establishing BOMs and to identify challenges facing BOMs in the achievement of academic outcomes in secondary schools in Migori County. The study employed the survey design to obtain information. The target population was BOM members and school principals of all 239 secondary schools in Migori County. Quota sampling technique was used to purposively sample the 28 schools which had done KCSE between 2011-2014. Further, in each of the 28 selected schools, cluster sampling was used to select six BOM members and the school principal. This study involved the use of self-designed questionnaires and observation guide to collect data. The study used percentages, frequencies, mean scores, frequency distribution tables, graphs, and charts to present data. The study findings showed that majority of the school BOM members had less than post-secondary school level education. Moreover, the study found that the county constitutes low percentage of members who are conversant with school management policy documents and that a worrying percentage of BOM members and principals were not trained adequately especially in the area of discipline management and ICT application and integration. However, establishment of Boards of Management in the County considers the inclusion of students and county administration to improve effectiveness of the boards. Challenges facing the boards were unavailability of professional documents, difficulties in policies formulation and satisfying staff motivation.