Implementation of Devolution as a System of Governance in Kenya: A Case of Kajiado County
Sinkeet, John Solonka
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New systems and institutions must experience challenges as they take root and especially if they have been tried before and failed, there is need to study these systems. The purpose of this study to identify the challenges facing the implementation of the devolved system of government in Kenya with particular reference to Kajiado County. The specific objectives of the study include establishing the effect of human resource capacity, resource allocation, accountability and strategic management of county resources on devolved system of government descriptive research design was used by the study. Both primary and secondary data was collected and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The study established that the county is faced by lack of training and development opportunities for staff which affect the implementation of devolution as a system of governance; the county faces the challenge of defining county strategic goals or objectives and the resources required to achieve those goals, facilitating effective equitable allocation of resources for various purposes and in ensuring that the allocated resources are efficiently utilized; adhering to the highest financial probity, complying with the various regulation and policies of the central government, submitting itself to oversight by other constitutional mandated oversight bodies and in adhering to the highest ethical consideration in its operations and that county governments face the challenge of strategically facilitating the coordination of organization functions; facilitating the development of necessary managerial capabilities that each departmental functions require to meet both departmental and organizational objectives. The study recommends that the county governments need to undertake the process of staff rationalization and redeployment so as to reduce overlap and redundancy at the county; allocate and manage resources by optimizing some objective function such as minimizing cost function, cost performance function and meeting objectives; policy based resource allocation and dynamically allocate resources to high priority areas; ensure the implementation of a clear roles, responsibilities and accountabilities and that decision making focuses on efficiency and effectiveness of the county operations in both the short and long term and that the county governments need to focus on the design of work practices management style; and the process for selection, socialization, and development of human capital.