Influence of school environment on standard three pupils’ achievement in social studies in primary schools in Kibwezi zone Makueni County, Kenya
Makau, Mathias Wambua
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Social studies is one of the subjects which is taught in primary schools as an integrated activity with Geography, History and Government. The objective of teaching social studies is to equip pupils with knowledge and understanding of the past necessary to allow them cope with the present and the future. This allows pupils to participate effectively in their world and explain their relationship with the other people in social, economic and political issues. The achievement of the above objective depends on manipulation of different school environment factors during social studies instructions. Therefore, the purpose of this study will be to find out the influence of school environment on standard three pupils’ achievement in social studies in Kibwezi zone Makueni county Kenya. Pupils in public primary schools in Kibwezi Zone of Makueni County in Kenya have been scoring below average (50%) in social studies for the last ten years in KCPE (2005-2014). Many stakeholders such as teachers, pupils, the community and educational officers have termed this as underachievement associating it with school environment on standard three pupils in primary school in the zone. The study will be guided by Lev Vygotsky theory on social development which asserts that social interaction plays a fundamental role in the process of learning and that a More Knowledgeable Other (MKO) is required as well as use of materials and facilities in teaching and learning process. The target population will be 1126 pupils and 21 teachers drawn from 21 primary schools both public and private in Kibwezi zone. The study will employ descriptive survey design which is a method of collecting information by interviewing or administering questionnaires to a sample of individuals. Purposive sampling will be used to sample four clusters, 7 teachers who teach social studies in standard three and 338 pupils from accessible population. Data will be collected using questionnaires, interview schedules and observation guides. Data will be presented by use of tables, pie charts, and different types of graphs.
- OGR-School of Education