Use of instructional resources in teaching reading skills in pre-primary schools in Imenti North Sub-County, Kenya
Pupils’ reading skills forms a fundamental pillar upon which all formal learning develops. Reading literacy skills in the early years have been identified as key factors which largely determine individuals’ success in school. It is argued that young children develop reading and writing skills well when early childhood programmes are structured in ways that promote reading and writing literacy. Reading achievement in primary school pupils in Imenti North Sub County have been declining over the recent years. This study purposed to establish teacher’s use of appropriate instructional resources for teaching reading skills in pre-primary schools in Imenti North Sub County. The study utilized an ex post facto design using descriptive survey method. The target population was all the 80 pre-primary school attached to primary schools in the sub-county. Purposive sampling technique was used to select Imenti North sub-county. A random sample of 20% (16 pre-primary schools) participated. Data was collected using a questionnaire and an observation checklist. Descriptive statistics was used to analyze data. Findings were presented using frequency tables, percentages, bar graphs and pie-charts. Major revelations were that; majority of the pre-primary school teachers in Imenti North sub-county do not use the instructional resources. Also majority of pre-primary schools do not provide ICT resources. Recommendations includes; teachers improvise instructional resources in order to promote reading skills among pre-primary school learners and school administration to embrace ICT by providing basic ICT resources in order to improve on pupils’ reading skills early enough. Further it was recommended that the Ministry of Education Science and technology to provide training courses on use of ICT to pre-primary school teachers. For further research it was recommended that a study covering a larger population; the whole county or the whole country be conducted to establish teachers’ readiness and use of instructional resources in lower primary which is the foundation of formal learning.
- OGR-School of Education