Challenges facing micro planning and implementation of inclusive education in public primary schools in kaiti constituency, makueni county, kenya.
Muange, Rachael Mueni
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This study examined the challenges facing micro planning and implementation of inclusive education in public primary schools in Kaiti Constituency, Makueni County in Kenya. Although many studies have been carried in different countries concerning implementation of inclusive education, the micro planning of inclusive education for children with special learning needs in Kenya has not been exhaustively researched. Therefore this study sought to investigate the challenges facing micro planning and implementation of inclusive education in public primary schools I n Kaiti constituency, Makueni County, Kenya. The objectives of the study were: Determine micro planning procedures in regular primary schools, find out the strategies laid down by schools to enhance inclusion, determine whether the school environment allows for inclusion of children with SN, investigate teacher attitudes towards inclusion, to examine the challenges facing micro planning and implementation of inclusive education and possible solutions to the challenges. The study adopted the descriptive survey design with many respondents who were purposively sampled from 116public primary schools; the target population was 116 head teachers, 116 School Management Committees and 881 teachers. The sample constituted of 50 schools, 50 head teachers, 50 School Management Committees and 250 teachers. The study employed questionnaires for teachers and head teachers, interview schedule for SMCs and observation schedules to collect data. Piloting of the instruments was carried out at Mukuyuni and Mavia-Meu Primary Schools in Kaiti constituency since they are public primary schools with similar administrative structure like the50schools under the study. The data collected was categorized according to objectives of the study. The data analysis entailed classifying major issues or themes covered and re-reading it to highlight insights and interpretations. All the materials under the major themes identified were put together to give a summarized report. Qualitative data was analyzed manually while quantitatively the study used numerical data to explore situations. The analyzed data was presented through descriptive statistics using frequency tables and pie charts as well as prose form. The major finding was that school managers lack information on micro planning of inclusive education, there are inadequate resources to cater for the needs of individual learners and that regular teachers feel that the lack the skill to handle all learners in the same classroom. Based on the findings it is recommended that information on micro planning of inclusive education should be availed to all stakeholders and resources should be sourced by the stakeholders other than wait solely on what the government provides.
- OGR-School of Education