Sports as a Tool for International Peace and Understanding: Its Relevance to the East African Cooperation
Baron Pierre de Coubertin in the Olympic Letter (Xl) underscored the fact that the youth have a greater responsibility for ensuring social peace among their people than the broad majority. University students constitute the most active battalions in the noble task of fostering peace. A truce entered into by the youth is likely to last generations. On founding the modern Olympic Games, Baron Couberin hoped that they might help countries to get on better with each other and so help progress towards world peace In fact during the period of the games a sacred truce was strictly observed to the point in spite of the wars the ancient Olympic Games were held every four years without a break for over one thousand years. Indeed, the revival of the regional inter-university games shares Courbertin's aspirations. Additionally. sport has unique values that can help people enjoy their leisure time. As a human activity, sport involves specific administrative organization and a background of rules that define the objective and limit the pattern . of human behaviour. It involves, competition or challenge and a definite outcome primarily determined by physical skill. Through participation in sports, students will release emotions, experience success, socialize, control their behaviour and affirm their identity. Therefore, Universities need to take sport seriously and put rules and regulations to ensure that all students engage in sport not only as an agent for change and development but also as a way of helping reduce and control cases of student riots and demonstrations. Conflicts in and between countries have been a disturbing phenomenon for many years. Many countries of the world that have experienced problems associated with ethnic violence, riots and demonstrations. Such conflicts are both expensive and destructive.