Status of gender equity in competitive sports in Uganda
Kateshumbwa, E. A.
Wamukoya, E. K.
Wanderi, P. M.
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The purpose of this study was to find out whether there was gender equity in competitive sports in Uganda. A cross sectional survey was conducted whereby a total of 350 respondents from 10 sports federations in Uganda were used. The study used Board/Executive Committee members, coaches of both men and women's teams and athletes at national level. Questionnaires and a document analysis guide validated by experts by pre-testing were used for data collection. Data was coded and presented as means, frequencies, and percentages for descriptive analysis. The ANOVA test, which was carried out, p > .05, revealed that gender disparity existed in competitive sports in Uganda. This was established from the respondents' views that fewer women than men participate in sports. The ANOVA test results showed no significant difference in the views of different categories of respondents, F (2,300) = 2.009. In addition, the independent samples t-test, at p> .05, showed that the numbers of male were much more than that of women participants at different levels in competitive sports in Uganda. Further, the study found out that there was a significant difference in the opportunities available for male and female participants, male (M = 3.454, SD = 0.446) and female (M = 2.889, SD = 0.220); t (14) = 3.21, at p = 0.006, with male participants being availed more opportunities than their female counterparts. The study recommended that more women should get involved in sports and opportunities should equally be availed to both women and men.