Influence of Headteachers' Lesson Supervison on Pupils' Performance in Curricular Activities in Pre-Primary Schools in Kasarani Sub- County, Kenya
Mureithi, Jane Wangui
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School heads use lesson supervision to improve teaching and learning by providing teachers with on-going support and guidance. Research studies done have shown that lesson supervision can improve instructional practices as well as improve pupils' performance. Supervisors have the opportunity to identify areas where teachers have difficulties and need improvement, thus provide assistance and support to teachers individually and in groups. Despite many studies carried out on lesson supervision in primary and secondary schools, not much is known on what goes on in pre-primary schools. The purpose of this study therefore was to investigate the influence of head teachers' lesson supervision on pupils' performance in curricular activities, in Kasarani Sub-County, Nairobi County, Kenya. The main objective of the study was to find out the influence of supervision of lesson on pupils' performance based on clinical supervision model by Morris Cogan (1950). Descriptive research design was employed using the survey method. Stratified random sampling technique was used to select a proportionate number of private and public pre-primary school head teachers and teachers. A total sample of 48 preprimary school head teachers and teachers was selected for the study drawn from 24 pre-primary schools in the district. Data were collected by use of questionnaires and pupils' performance test. Pilot study was done in one public and one private pre-primary school. Validity and reliability were tested using data corrected in the pilot study. Data were analyzed by use of qualitative and quantitative methods. Validity of the instruments was ensured by ascertaining that the research instruments were related in content to the study objectives. As for reliability it was tested using test retest technique and a correlation coefficient score of 0.8 obtained. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analysis data. Information was presented using frequency tables, means and percentages. One way ANOV A and t-test were used to determine the differences between head teachers' supervision and their demographic characteristics. Results from the study revealed that majority of the head teachers conduct lesson supervision with an aim of helping teachers to maximize their efforts in rendering services to the learners. Results from the study also showed that effective lesson supervision improved the quality of teaching and learning in classrooms. This in turn improved pupils' performance. In order to maintain and improve lesson supervision, head teachers need to be relieved some administrative and teaching duties in order to prioritize lesson supervision and all stakeholders should collaborate to ensure effective lesson supervision.