Factors affecting the adoption of ICT by teachers in secondary schools in Nyeri south district, central Kenya
Gachunia, Grace Nyambura
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The study explored factors affecting the adoption of leT in teaching in secondary schools in Nyeri South District. The data was collected by means of questionnaires from 37 teachers, and interviews from three principals. The objectives ofthe study were; to establish how infrastructure and access affects adoption of leT in teaching, to find out how leT knowledge and skills affects the adoption of leT in teaching, to determine the influence of technical support in adoption of leT and also find out the extent to which teachers' time affect the adoption of leT. Literature review 'brought to fore a number of factors that affect the adoption of leT in teaching despite the numerous benefits that leT can bring to the world of education. The findings indicated scarcity of leT infrastructure. The cost of both software and hardware are quite a hindrance and this has left majority of schools unable to afford the cost of technology. This leaves the schools unable to purchase, upgrade or even do maintenance on the available infrastructure. Majority of the respondents felt that leT knowledge and skills playa major role in the adoption of leT and therefore lack of it affects the adoption of leT. It was discovered that the teacher education program does not adequately provide prospective teachers with leT knowledge and skills that support use of technology. leT technical support is quite fundamental if technology is to be successfully adopted in teaching. This enables teachers to work without fearing that there will be \ disruptions. Lack of time was also noted to be a factor affecting adoption of'K'T. The population targeted was 403 teachers in the public schools where purposive sampling was used to get information from the heads of departments in the sampled schools. The data was collected by means of questionnaires from teachers and interview guides for the principals. Analysis of the data was done by descriptive survey analysis with the help of the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS), to come up with the various representations of the data obtained. From the findings the study recommends government intervention to ensure equity in terms of provision of quality education by allocating funds to cater for leT programs, enhance continuous and sustainable professional development and review current curriculum to take into account changes in technology due to its dynamism.