Parental Factors Influencing Involvement In Their Pre-School Children’s Education In Westlands Division, Nairobi West District
The proposed study will seek to examine the parental characteristics which motivate them to choose to engage in the education of their children. Parents’ involvement has a sound research base attesting to the many potentially benefits it can offer in education. Research has shown that parents who are highly involved in the education of their children do better in schools and has a great influence on academic achievement as compared to those who are lowly involved which is associated with poor performance in the classroom. As a result, it would be necessary to understands why some parents are highly involved while others are lowly involved in the education of their children at pre-school level and the factors which motivate participation. It is in recognition of this that the study will focus on parental involvement in the education of their children at pre-school level. Specifically, the study will assess the level of parental education, occupation and marital status on the one hand and the relationship between each of these and involvement in children’s education at pre-school level. The study will be guided by Rational Choice Theory. The study will utilize descriptive research design to collect information both the parents and teachers respondents without influencing them in any way. The study will employ survey method where a sample size of 150 parents as well as 7teachers selected from 7 pre-school centers will respond to questionnaires and interview schedules respectively in the gathering of information about parental involvement in pre-schools. Content validity will be ensured by constructing the instruments carefully based on the research objectives and the split half reliability test at 0.75 co-efficient will be used to ensure that the research instruments yield accurate results. Descriptive statistics will be used to analyze data and the results will be presented using tables, pie charts, graphs and percentages. The study hopes to come up with findings that will help policy makers strengthen the existing policies on parental involvement in the education of their children specifically at the pre-school level.