An investigation of the extent of guidance and counseling programmes in some secondary Schools of Thika district, Kenya.
Kiragu, Teresia W.
MetadataShow full item record
The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent of guidance and counseling programmes in some selected secondary schools in Juja Zone of Thika District. It also intended to find out the impact of counseling programmes offered in secondary schools on students' academic performance, of discipline, unrest, general behavior and abstention from other social vices. The study used descriptive research method to collect data. Structured questionnaires were personally administered to head teachers, teachers, teacher counselors and form three students in the sampled schools. The latter were sampled through stratified method. A total of 180 respondents successfully filled the questionnaires. The study sample comprised 150 students from two boys' boarding schools, one girls' boarding school, one girls' day school and one mixed/boarding school. Five head teachers, five teacher counselors and twenty teachers' from the five randomly sampled schools also participated in the study. The findings revealed that although the Ministry of Education introduced guidance and counseling in the schools, its implementation has not been effective. This is because no coordinating department has been established to monitor its impact. Furthermore, teacher counselors have not been trained nor inserviced to carry out effective guidance and counseling services In the schools. Drug abuse and other vices were found to be rampant in secondary schools. The study recommends that it is high time the government made guidance and counseling a mandatory unit in the secondary school syllabus. University and other educational institutions should be used to in-service and train teachers in the discipline. The curriculum developers at Kenya Institute of Education should also include guidance and counseling in the teachers guides. The study hoped that results such as the above would enable schools to cope with the social and psychological problems that have beset our secondary school students.