Students attitudes to ABC as a strategy for HIV/AIDS prevention within Kenyatta University
Kairu, Gidraph Mugo
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This study sought to establish and document the perception of risk and attitudes to ABC approaches of HIV1Aids prevention among Kenyatta University students. The research specifically focused on the practicability of the ABC framework within the university environment. Using descriptive cross-sectional approach, a structured questionnaire was administered to a randomly selected sample of 84 respondents aged 20-24 years (mean = 22), during the first session of 2005/2006 academic year. The findings show that more than 60% of the respondents perceived themselves to be at risk of contracting HIV1Aids. This likelihood could be hinged on perceived impossibility of completely abstaining from sexual contacts(58%). Another 18% said they didn't trust their sex partner(s). Other reasons like blood/body fluid contacts from/during transfusion, transplant, accident or handling HIV1Aids patients were also cited by 22%. By contrast, of those who perceived themselves not to be at risk, majority (79%) said they were abstaining. With regard to prevention, the results show that the majority of students considered abstinence to be the most important (51%), followed by Being Faithful (20%). Condoms were mentioned by 17%.Those who preferred abstinence said it was the safest (61%). Faithfulness was credited with creating stable relationships (24%). For those who cited condoms, 72% associated it with affordability. The general response to the ABC shows some positive opinions. However, there are a proportion of students who expressed impracticability of adopting ABC. The study concludes that the university programmes that are in place to sensitize the students on matters related to HIV1Aids infection and prevention require some reengineering to bear the right outcomes. This study recommends that any future programs or policy within the university being aimed at creating awareness on HIV1Aids should re-examine the current ABC approach.