Strategies used by public secondary schools in managing students indiscipline in Kilifi District, Kilifi county, Kenya
Orek, Francis Ouma
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The trend of student unrest has evolved from simple protest to destruction of property sometimes even deaths. While the present situation raises concerns internationally and nationally it is not yet beyond control and effective measures can restore a normal attitude among students and the young generation. On the other hand failure to take effective steps at this stage can only lead to a national disaster because the upheavals in today's society such as corruption, immorality, poor methods of governance insecurity and political instability are to be blamed on indiscipline. It is therefore important to have strategic management of students' indiscipline. Chapter one gave the background of the study. It included the purpose of the study which was to investigate strategies used by public secondary schools in management of students' indiscipline Kilifi District, Kilifi County in Kenya .The study objectives were to identify the strategies used by schools to manage students' indiscipline in Kilifi District, Kilifi County and the success of these strategies in view of the causes of indiscipline. In the Conceptual framework, scientific formulation, organization, implementation, evaluation and control of strategies improve student discipline. Assumption of the study was that strategies being used, .lack professional, scientific and technical approach hence weakness that need to be checked. Chapter two had Literature review to the study that covered concepts related to strategies, causes of indiscipline, effects of indiscipline and strategies used by schools in managing students' indiscipline. This offered comparatively secondary source of information for the actual study. Chapter three provided for-the research methodology. The research design used to conduct the study was descriptive survey which probed the current status of students' indiscipline and strategies used in managing students' indiscipline. The study population included 30 public secondary schools, 30 head teachers, 30 deputy head teachers 2706 teachers and 9604 students in Kilifi County. The study sample included 10 schools 10 head teachers, 50 teachers and 140 students selected using random sampling method. Questionnaires for teachers, students and questionnaires for head teachers were administered. In chapter four provided for data analysis, presentation and discussion. the responses weretallied manually, analyzed using SPSS and other computer· software. The results were Presented using descriptive tables. Chapter five provided the summary of the findings, conclusions and recommendations. The research found out that teachers stayed longer in the institutions than the head teachers and that most schools a majority being mixed day and boarding had experienced student strike. Majority of the total number of teacher and head teachers agreed that they had limited skills to manage student indiscipline. Most of the schools used non-collaborative methods such as punishment instead of collaborative methods such as partnership with students' barazas among others.