Accessibility of anal cleansing materials for public primary school pupils in Kajiado North sub county, Kenya.
Sabla, Abduba Umuro
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Anal, cleansing is the hygienic practice of cleaning anal area after defecation; it is an important aspect of personal hygiene as it contributes to prevention of enteric and .respiratory infections; 'Use of inadequate anal cleansing materials leads to hand contamination which leads' to transfer .of ' disease causing organisms to 'the body systems, this increases the risk of intestinal parasites infestation and diarrheal diseases. Different materials are used for anal cleansing depending generally on accessibility and specifically on affordability, availability, acceptability, physical location of the materials and one's social-demographic characteristics. Corumon materials used for anal cleansing are tissue paper, stones, leaves, newspapers among others and water used by Muslims. Discussion around these materials has been neglected by researchers and Water Sanitation and Hygiene programme implementers. Observation in most of the schools in Kajiado North Sub County shows shortage of anal cleansing materials and gaps ill sustainability of access of such materials as indicated by smearing of faeces on Iatrine walls. The study will be conducted in public primary schools in Kajiado North Sub County. School pupils are affected by the issue because of their age and limited instruction from their school administration on which materials to use for anal hygiene. The main objective of the study is to determine accessibility of anal cleansing materials for pupils in public primary schools Kajiado North Sub County. Current situation access, social demographic and institutional factors influencing access and choice, and sustainability of the same will also be assessed. Descriptive cross sectional study design will be used, sampling will be done by stratified random sampling technique to select schools from zones and pupils from .selected schools by age and gender. Mixed method of data collection will be' used and analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences version. The study will shed light on the extent to which pupils have access to anal cleansing materials in the Sub County and findings will inform strategies for increased accessibility and sustainability, and options to be adopted in schools at county and national levels by informing policy formulation and strategic planning. Findings will be presented the form of text, charts, graphs and tables.