A Two-Stage Deep Freezing Chemisorption Cycle Driven by Low-Temperature Heat Source
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A two-stage chemisorption cycle suitable for deep-freezing application driven by low- temperature heat source was proposed. Through two-stage desorption processes, the two-stage cycle can break through the limitations of the heating temperature and ambient cooling temperature. The two-stage cycle based on CaCl2/BaCl2-NH3 working pair can utilize the heat source with a temperature of above 75°C, and simultaneously realize deep-freezing all the year round. Experimental results and performance prediction show that the adsorp- tion quantity of calcium, theoretical coefficient of performance (COP) and optimized specific cooling power (SCP) of the CaCl2/BaCl2-NH3 chemisorption system are 0.489 kg/kg (salt), 0.24 and 120.7 W/kg, when the heating temperature, ambient cooling temperature, pseudo-evaporating temperature and mass ratio of reacting salt and expanded graphite are 85, 30, – 20, and 4∶1, respectively.